Cinema, sometimes known as the first art, emerged in days as the silent spectacle which many viewers still love. In fact, if movies were to be defined it would be understood as the art which represents all other arts combined. It represents the aspirations, the dreams, the successes and the failures of millions of viewers who sit through a long period of time in order to forget about their daily lives and think of the better days. It shows the darker sides of human society while at the same time it offers an insight into the human mind and also tries to reveal the ultimate mystery.
Moving images or movies in general is the means by which cinema communicates with the audience. It enables us to escape from the daily life and connect with other people. The only way that movies are able to convey this is by using a special kind of moving image called a movie projector. The projector inside the cinema actually creates an optical illusion which simulates the effect of genuine cinema screens without actually showing the audience what is on the screen.
In order to understand how motion picture technology works it is first necessary to know what a motion picture is. In its simplest form a motion picture is a recording of a movie or of a movement. There are two kinds of motion pictures, real and animated, although not every motion picture is in both of these forms. The reason why there is a great deal of confusion between the terms animated and real is that in the past the term real was used to refer to everyday drawings, while the term animation came to be applied to movies.
In cinema, the word’moving pictures’ refers to those kinds of moving images that are recorded in a cinema and that convey a message across to the audience. A good example of a moving picture is a movie like Gone with the Wind. Not only does the movie convey a message to the audience but the viewer also has to take the story into his/her own mind by the end of the movie. cinema as a whole is built upon the idea of cinema, which is the conveyance of messages through a motion picture. Cinema is a combination of art and science, and is basically a means of communication between the audience and the medium (the cinema).
For instance, in the late thirties and early fifties Italian movies almost always had a three-dimensional ‘field’ format, which was made possible by lenses that allowed the audience to look at the actors on the screen as they moved around the scene. This helped the director tell a story through acting and gave the audience the ability to visualize a situation rather than just reading about it. A similar method is used today by filmmakers, in the form of computer-generated imagery (CGI). A computer-generated image is a photograph or other moving image that is produced by a computer using computer software so that the effect can be made to appear as though it is real.
It was also during the World War II that major Hollywood started to focus more on the aesthetics of cinema. The advent of celluloid gave way to the creation of Technicolor. Colours such as red, blue and yellow became main features of Hollywood films. Special effects such as fire-breathing sharks gave way to creatures such as the Universal Vehicle. The advent of colour gave way to the use of black and white for motion pictures and to films that had very dark themes. All of these things changed the way that films were made and resulted in a filmmaking culture that was completely revolutionized by the arrival of cinema as a truly global art.